According to Bede, Edwin was preceded by a standard bearer, carrying a ‘tufa’. My assumption has always been that this was a Roman-style standard, or perhaps a staff. At some point I’ll need to work out what that looked like. But another assumption I’m making is that he didn’t assume such pretensions until the late 620s, after he’d remarried and brought Paulinus’s Roman Christianity to Northumbria. What did he use before then? A banner with a typical Anglo-Saxon animal totem, such as a wolf, eagle, raven, horse, or boar? I don’t recall any mention of such a thing.
Does anyone have any references they can point me to? Failing that, any guesses?
Also, while the family names of several A-S dynasties are known, for example the Wuffingas, did Edwin’s Deiran royalty have a dynastic name? Again, I’ve never noticed in my reading, but I often don’t notice things until I need to notice them. So I’d appreciate any help, including educated guesses. Wild, blue-sky guesses would also work 🙂